About Astrakhan

ASTRAKHAN REGION
(Russian Federation)

 

LOCATION

Astrakhan region is located in southern Russia in the Lower Volga off the Caspian Sea coast. The region borders Kazakhstan by land, Azerbaijan, Iran, Turkmenistan and Kazakhstan by sea. In Russia it borders Volgograd and Kalmykia.

AREA

The region’s total area is 52,9 thou. sq. km.

POPULATION (as of January, 1st, 2016)

Population of Astrakhan region - 1 018 626.

Population of Astrakhan – 677 741.

MAIN ECONOMY BRANCHES

Oil and gas industry, chemical industry, shipbuilding and repairing, agriculture and processing industries, machineries, production of construction materials, transport and logistics, trade, food and fisheries, tourism.

GROSS REGIONAL PRODUCT

As has been estimated gross regional product (GRP) amounts to 304,28 billion RUB in 2015 against 288,95 billion RUB in 2014. Following the results of 2015 the region’s GRP growth has constituted 100,3% with the average Russian 96,3% of the same period.

RATINGS

In 2015 following the results of a comprehensive assessment of the effectiveness of executive authorities of the Russian Federation regions Astrakhan region was in top 20 regions with the best quality indicators ranking 11th. Thanks to reduced administrative barriers and improved investment opportunities the region has ranked 6th among the Russian regions in terms of consolidated index of investment volume and behavior into the fixed capital. Based on these achievements Astrakhan region has qualified for a federal grant being twice as large as last year.

FOREIGN CAPITAL COMPANIES

There are 470 foreign capital companies (152 being joint companies) incorporated in Astrakhan region from more than 50 countries.

CONSULAR INSTITUTIONS

Several foreign consular institutions are located in Astrakhan region:

- Consulate General of the Islamic Republic of Iran;

- Consulate of the Republic of Kazakhstan;

- Consulate of Turkmenistan.

MAIN ECONOMY SECTORS IN BRIEF

Transport and logistics

Thanks to the access to the Caspian Sea, Astrakhan region plays a pivotal role within international transport routes. The region lies at the intersection of two Eurasian transport routes: "North-South" transport route (NOSTRAC) and "West-East" transport route. "North-South" transport route (NOSTRAC) links Europe to India via the Caspian Sea and Iran, whereas "West-East" transport corridor goes from Europe through Astrakhan region and Kazakhstan in the direction of China. Due to these circumstances Astrakhan region boasts an advanced transport and logistics complex, including port and related infrastructure.

Hydrocarbons extraction and processing

Astrakhan region is most famous for its vast deposits of hydrocarbons: natural gas and gas condensate. The continental part of Astrakhan region and the adjacent area of the Caspian Sea boast substantial oil and gas deposits, being the largest in the European Russia. Land area resources amount to nearly 6 trillion cubic meters of gas and over 1,3 billion tons of liquid hydrocarbons. The major part of all the hydrocarbons comprises gas condensate and gas deposits belonging to the Astrakhan structural high.

Nowadays hydrocarbon field development is ongoing in the Russian sector of the Caspian Sea with 8 major oil and gas fields. The inferred resources (oil and gas condensate) of the Caspian shelf come to nearly 1,1 billion tons, natural gas - nearly 800 billion cubic meters.  There are deposits of salt, gypsum and iodine in Astrakhan region.

Shipbuilding

Further development of the shipbuilding sector in Astrakhan region is being bolstered by the development of oil and gas fields in the Caspian Sea. Local shipbuilders are successfully implementing orders for the construction of multi-purpose vessels and oil platforms not only for the largest Russian transport and oil companies but also for foreign partners from Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, China, Italy, Norway, Malaysia, UAE and other countries.

Agriculture

Farming appears to be one of the crucial economy sectors of Astrakhan region represented by 2 main divisions: crop farming and cattle-breeding. Its share within the overall gross regional product amounts to 12%. Astrakhan region is one of the largest  Russian vegetable producers.

As of 2015 crop farming (potatoes, onions, tomatoes, cucumbers, bell peppers, aubergine, zucchini, watermelons, melons and others) has made up 1,45 million tons. At the same time only a small share of the farming produce is being processed therefore vegetable-processing companies enjoy a huge potential for expanding further. Greenhouses are another point to seriously take into consideration, being pretty much attracting for investors. As far as cattle-breeding is concerned, it can be divided into meat and milk production, camel-breeding and sheep-breeding.

Fisheries and fish-processing

Huge fishery resources of the Volga River and Caspian Sea are truly considered to be the foundation for fisheries and fish-processing in Astrakhan region. Carp, pike perch, cat fish, bream, Astrakhan herring and other common fresh water fishes are marketed both domestically and globally. Pond farming (carp, silver carp, grass carp) is also gaining momentum in the region. Besides there is a huge number of commercial fish farms in the region breeding sturgeon species, such as Russian sturgeon, beluga, Bester and starlet.

Construction

Following the results of 2015 nearly 800 organizations operate in the construction industry of Astrakhan region. The volume of construction works amounts more than 660 million USD. 575,2 thou. sq. meters of housing has been commissioned for operation. Production of prefabricated reinforced concrete increased in 2015 (112,7% compared to 2014), limestone, gypsum stone and chalkstone by 110,1% compared to 2014.

Machine-building

The machine-building complex of Astrakhan region is represented by enterprises, producing press-forging equipment, metalworking and woodworking machinery, painting equipment, mold tools and tooling for metalworking enterprises,ferrite products.

Tourism

Tourism is yet another significant sector of the regional economy. Unique geographical location of the region in the Volga River delta, diverse landscapes and nature attract more than two million tourists annually. The following trends in tourism are actively evolving in the region: cultural and educational, business, pilgrimage, ecological, fishing and hunting, gastronomic and ethnographic. Astrakhan is often referred to as the "Venice on the Volga" owing to its location on a dozen of islands, and all parts of the city are connected by the network of bridges and canals. A variety of mineral waters has been discovered in the region being a robust foundation for recreational and health tourism.