About Astrakhan region

(Russian Federation)


Astrakhan region is located in southern Russia in the Lower Volga off the Caspian Sea coast. The region borders Kazakhstan by land, Azerbaijan, Iran, Turkmenistan and Kazakhstan by sea. In Russia it borders Volgograd and Kalmykia.


The region’s total area is 52,9 thou. sq. km.

POPULATION (as of January, 1st, 2021)

Population of Astrakhan region - 997 685.


Oil and gas industry, chemical industry, shipbuilding and repairing, agriculture and processing industries, machineries, production of construction materials, transport and logistics, trade, food and fisheries, tourism.


As has been estimated gross regional product (GRP) amounts to 499 billion RUB in 2018. The region’s GRP growth has constituted 103%.


There are 371 foreign capital companies incorporated in Astrakhan region from more than 45 countries (as of January, 1st, 2021)


Several foreign consular institutions operate in Astrakhan region:

- Consulate General of the Islamic Republic of Iran;

- Consulate General of the Republic of Kazakhstan;

- Consulate of Turkmenistan;

- Honorary Consul of the Slovak Republic;

- Honorary Consul General of the Republic of India.


Transport and logistics

Thanks to the access to the Caspian Sea, Astrakhan region plays a pivotal role within international transport routes. The region lies at the intersection of two Eurasian transport routes: International "North-South" Transport Corridor (INSTC) and "West-East" transport route. INSTC links Europe to India via the Caspian Sea and Iran, whereas "West-East" transport corridor goes from Europe through Astrakhan region and Kazakhstan in the direction of China. Due to these circumstances Astrakhan region boasts an advanced transport and logistics complex, including port and related infrastructure.

Hydrocarbons extraction and processing

Astrakhan region is most famous for its vast deposits of hydrocarbons: natural gas and gas condensate. The continental part of Astrakhan region and the adjacent area of the Caspian Sea boast substantial oil and gas deposits, being the largest in the European Russia. Land area resources amount to nearly 5.3 trillion cubic meters of gas and over 1,1 billion tons of liquid hydrocarbons. The major part of all the hydrocarbons comprises gas condensate and gas deposits belonging to the Astrakhan structural high.

Nowadays hydrocarbon field development is ongoing in the Russian sector of the Caspian Sea with 8 major oil and gas fields. The inferred resources (oil and gas condensate) of the Caspian shelf come to nearly 300 million tons, natural gas - nearly 700 billion cubic meters.  There are deposits of salt, gypsum and iodine in Astrakhan region.


Further development of the shipbuilding sector in Astrakhan region is being bolstered by the development of oil and gas fields in the Caspian Sea. Local shipbuilders are successfully implementing orders for the construction of multi-purpose vessels and oil platforms not only for the largest Russian transport and oil companies but also for foreign partners from Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, China, Italy, Norway, Malaysia, UAE and other countries.


Farming appears to be one of the crucial economy sectors of Astrakhan region represented by 2 main divisions: crop farming and cattle-breeding. Its share within the overall gross regional product amounts to 12%. Astrakhan region is one of the largest  Russian vegetable producers.

As of 2020 crop farming (potatoes, onions, tomatoes, cucumbers, bell peppers, aubergine, zucchini, watermelons, melons and others) has made up 1.427 million tons (105% growth as compared to 2019). At the same time only a small share of the farming produce is being processed therefore vegetable-processing companies enjoy a huge potential for expanding further. Greenhouses are another point to seriously take into consideration, being pretty much attracting for investors. As far as cattle-breeding is concerned, it can be divided into meat and milk production, camel-breeding and sheep-breeding.

Fisheries and fish-processing

Huge fishery resources of the Volga River and Caspian Sea are truly considered to be the foundation for fisheries and fish-processing in Astrakhan region. Carp, pike perch, cat fish, bream, Astrakhan herring and other common fresh water fishes are marketed both domestically and globally. Pond farming (carp, silver carp, grass carp) is also gaining momentum in the region. Besides there is a huge number of commercial fish farms in the region breeding sturgeon species, such as Russian sturgeon, beluga, Bester and starlet.


The machine-building complex of Astrakhan region is represented by enterprises, producing press-forging equipment, metalworking and woodworking machinery, painting equipment, mold tools and tooling for metalworking enterprises,ferrite products.


Tourism is yet another significant sector of the regional economy. Unique geographical location of the region in the Volga River delta, diverse landscapes and nature attract more than two million tourists annually. The following trends in tourism are actively evolving in the region: cultural and educational, business, pilgrimage, ecological, fishing and hunting, gastronomic and ethnographic. Astrakhan is often referred to as the "Venice on the Volga" owing to its location on a dozen of islands, and all parts of the city are connected by the network of bridges and canals. A variety of mineral waters has been discovered in the region being a robust foundation for recreational and health tourism.